Do National Cultures Impact Mortgage and Financial Well-Being Levels? Evidence from Europe


  • Rashed Isam Ashqar University of Porto
  • Júlio Lobão University of Porto



Culture, Hofstede dimensions, Mortgage, Financial well-being, Europe


This study explores the influence of national culture on mortgage and financial well-being levels in the European context. The paper employs regression analysis using mainly Hofstede's cultural dimensions and the EU-SILC dataset from Eurostat to provide a better understanding of the determinants of the decision to hold secured debts and a better explanation of the states of financial well-being. To the best of our knowledge, no study has addressed the influence of culture on mortgage and financial well-being levels in the European setting using samples from different countries and controlling for household characteristics. We conclude that power distance, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, and long-term orientation are negatively associated with the likelihood of holding a mortgage. The results also show that masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, long-term orientation, and indulgence are negatively associated with the amount of mortgage. Moreover, individualism and long-term orientation (power distance and uncertainty avoidance) are positively (negatively) associated with being in a state of financial well-being. Collectively, our research shows that national cultures play a crucial role in household finance.

JEL Codes - D10; G40; G51


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How to Cite

Ashqar, R. I., & Lobão, J. (2021). Do National Cultures Impact Mortgage and Financial Well-Being Levels? Evidence from Europe. Scientific Annals of Economics and Business, 68(3), 263–284.