The Macroeconomic Impact of the Euro

Veronika Akhmadieva, Ron P. Smith


This paper examines whether the establishment of the euro caused structural breaks in the main macroeconomic relationships of member countries. It compares eight original members of the common currency with four European countries that did not join. The analysis constructs counterfactuals using both single equation models and a six equation vector autoregression with foreign exogenous variables, VARX*, explaining output, inflation, equity prices, exchange rates and short and long interest rates. It considers which equations changed the most and the most likely dates for any structural break.


euro; structural-breaks; GVAR.

JEL Codes

C5; E5; F4.

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