An Investigation into the Level of Financial Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa

Biliqees Ayoola Abdulmumin, Oyebola Fatima Etudaiye-Muthar, Abdulrasaq Taiye Jimoh, Ola Ridwan Sakariyahu


Financial inclusion is crucial for redistribution of economic resources between the deficit and surplus units in an economy. Despite the importance of financial inclusion, especially for economic growth of developing regions such as Sub-Saharan Africa, the prevailing level financial inclusion remain an open question. Against this background, this study investigates the level of financial inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa between 2005 and 2015. This study employs secondary data obtained from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The data obtained was subjected to Principal Component Analysis to determine the level of financial inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa. The findings show that Sub-Saharan Africa has a medium level of financial inclusion during the observed period with Index of Financial Inclusion (IFI) value of 0.095023. The study concludes that Sub-Saharan Africa has high propensity to achieve a high level of financial inclusion in the region if more outlets of financial institutions are established.


financial inclusion; financial inclusion index; Sub-Saharan Africa.

JEL Codes

G1; G2.

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